Loktak Lake is the largest clean water lake in north-east India. It is also called the only floating lake in the world because small plots or islands float in the water. These islands are known as Phumdis. These phumdis are consisting of soils, plants, and organic substances and are as rigid as the Earth. They have covered a large part of the lake. Seeing this lake made of phumdis is a unique feeling that can only be experienced here in the whole world. If you do not have the mind, you can also stay in the tourist cottage on the phumdis. The largest part of phumdis is located in the southeast part of the lake, which spans 40 square kilometers. This largest part is also the world's longest and only floating park named Keibul Lamjao National Park.
Rare species of deer are also found in this park. They are called Sangai in the Manipuri language. The contribution of this floating lake 'Loktak' in Manipur's economic development is huge. The water of this lake is used for hydropower projects, irrigation, and drink. Also, this is the livelihood of fishermen living around this lake. phumdis are used by locals for fishing, making their own cottages and other uses. The art of fisheries of these fishermen is also unique. They make a fake round cordon of phumdi to grow the production of fishes. You will be surprised to know that more than 1 lakh people are dependent on this lake.
Lake divided into many parts:
The lake has been divided mainly into the northern, central, and southern regions due to deteriorating conditions and increasing pressure from human activities. The northern region has been separated from the central region due to large phumdis, which is 0.4 to 4.5 meters in size. These phumdis are spread from north-west to southeast. Between January and March, these phumdis are burnt to create space for fish and grains. The central part is the main open part of the lake, where fewer phumdis was found than before, but in the recent years, the villagers have made artificial phumdis for fishing, which they call athaphums. Artificial constructions like these have created a barrier in the lake. There is the Keibul Lamjao National Park in the southern region.
Loktak Lake is also full of biodiversity. It has about 233 species of water plants, more than 100 species of birds. In addition, there are 425 species of animals, including Indian Python, Sambhar, and barking deer recorded in the rare list.
How to reach to this floating lake:
Loktak Lake is located 39 km away from Imphal, the capital of Manipur, which is connected by road and air from major parts of the country. In terms of tourism, this lake is a unique place in which tourists can see the beauty phumdis of different sizes. This scene is unimaginable and will not be seen anywhere else in the world. The beauty of this lake leaves you astonished. There is also a Sandra tourist home in a large phumdi of the lake to stay here.
Image credit: wikipedia