Literacy Day is celebrated all over the world on September 8. World Literacy Day is observed on September 8 every year to reflect the importance of education in the world and eliminate illiteracy. The main objective of celebrating this day is to promote priority towards education towards people in society. On world literacy day, people greet each other on this special day. On this day, people are made aware of education and its role as to how it can benefit the individual, community, and society. This day tries to bring the role of teachers to the forefront of changing education.
1st World Literacy Day:
The first World Literacy Day was celebrated on September 8, 1966. In the year 2009-2010, the United Nations Literacy Decade was declared. Since then, September 8 is celebrated as World Literacy Day all over the world. On this day, UNESCO offers international literacy awards at its headquarters in Paris. The idea of celebrating the International Literacy Day to eliminate illiteracy was first discussed during the World Conference of Ministers of Education in Tehran, Iran, from September 8 to 19, 1965. UNESCO declared World Literacy Day in 1965.
The theme of World Literacy Day 2020:
World Literacy Day 2020 focuses on literacy teaching and learning in the Covid-19 crisis and beyond in the Covid-19 crisis. The theme of the year 2020 highlights lifelong learning and their literacy with the main focus on youth and adults.
World Literacy Day 2020:
Two virtual meetings have been held at the Global Festival on the occasion of World Literacy Day 2020. The first meeting will be on the role and changing teachings of teachers on the subject of literacy teaching and learning in the Covid-19 crisis and beyond. The second meeting will be held on the UNESCO International Literacy Awards 2020.
How to celebrate World Literacy Day?
Several celebrations are held around the world on world literacy day. In addition, speeches are made about literacy, and people are made aware of awakening the alb of education. On this day, many people also take the responsibility of teaching poor children.
According to UN Figures:
According to UN figures, around four billion people worldwide are literate. The figures assume that one in every 5 adult people is still illiterate. In India, the literacy rate here is much lower than the world's literacy rate. However, a number of steps are being taken for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Saakshar Bharat in the country. Literacy doesn't mean just reading or being educated. It can become the basis of social development by bringing awareness of people's rights and duties.
Literacy Rate in India:
According to MHRD's educational statistics report released in 2018, India's literacy rate is 69.1 percent. This number is comprising both the village and the city. The literacy rate in rural India is 64.7 percent, with a literacy rate of 56.8 percent and 72.3 percent of males. The literacy rate in urban India is 79.5 percent, with 74.8 percent of women educated. 83.7 percent of men are educated.
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