You may have seen many times changing the bright sun into the red. This often happens when the sun rises and adapts. When the sun turns red, the sky becomes sentry, dark red, or purple. It is a beautiful and romantic scene. The sky is moving. But, in fact, there are completely scientific reasons behind it. Scattering of light is the process in which when sunlight goes out of the sun and enters the atmosphere, the dust and soil are hit by particles and spread around.
Don't see the sun with a straight eye:
Do not look at the sun directly amid this beautiful scene, nor use a telescope. This can damage your eyes or cause you to be blind. "The optical properties of sunlight pass through the Earth's atmosphere," says Edward Bloomer, an astrophysicist at the Royal Museum of Greenwich. "First, we need to understand the light, which is made up of all the visible light spectrum colors, i.e., red, orange, yellow, green, blue, dark blue, and purple. It is associated with the scattering of sunlight. But, it is not evenly scattered. Each color has its own wavelength, which shows the color it is. For example, purple has the smallest wavelength during the longest of red. Now know what the environment is. Layers of different gases that are spread across our planet and that keep us alive. It also includes oxygen, which allows us to breathe.
As sunlight passes through different air layers, these layers contain gases of different densities. The light changes and is divided as they pass through them. There are also some particles in the atmosphere that bounce or reflect the divided light. When the sun rises or rises, its rays hit a certain angle from the top layer of the atmosphere, and that's where the 'magic' begins. When the sun rays pass through this upper layer, the blue wavelength is divided and reflected due to its absorption.
When the sun's temperature is low on the horizon, the blue and green waves of light are scattered, and we see the orange and red waves of the remaining light. Purple and blue rays do not go too long due to their short wavelength and are more scattered. While sentry and red rays go long distances. It becomes a beautiful scene in the sky.
Why the sky is red:
It may seem red, but that doesn't mean the color of the sun has changed. Dust clouds, smoke, and other similar elements affect the color of the sky. If you live close to parts of India, California, Chile, Australia or Africa, or red-sanded areas, your atmosphere may be filled with particles that reflect light depending on weather conditions. It's something like that on Mars. When the red dust flies in the air, the sky seems to have become reddish-pink. Sometimes those who are away from the desert can also see such skies of different colors. As the sand of the Sahara desert goes into high layers of the atmosphere. From there, it reaches Europe, Siberia, and even the United States.
Why the sky is blue:
Why does the sky become bluer during the day? The answer is also hidden in the interpretation of the scattering phenomenon of physicist Lord Reilly. The sun is at a very high altitude in the sky. Its light passes through the atmosphere without being broken. It is absorbed as it comes into the atmosphere, and the prominently visible color is blue. However, it also depends on the weather. As the rainbow swells, when it rains when the sun shines, the light spreads through every drop of rain to different wavelengths and causes the refraction (changing the direction of the light wave) to scatter all the colors in the atmosphere.
Image credit: metoffice