Even in Hindi speaking areas, English is dominating nowadays. Today, we feel proud to speak in English more than Hindi. Why namaste on the stage has been replaced by the respected everyone. On the occasion of Hindi Diwas (14th September), all the things that every Indian should know and be proud of.
History of Hindi Diwas:
Hindi Diwas is celebrated across the country on 14th September every year to prevent the growing English language trend and Hindi's neglect. Two years after independence, on 14th September 1949, Hindi was declared as the official language by a vote in the Constituent Assembly, and since then, on 14th September, every year, Hindi Diwas was celebrated. In fact, on 14th September 1949, Hindi's pioneer was Rajendra Sinha's 50-birthday, who fought too long to make Hindi a national language. After independence, kaka Kalkar, Maithilisharan Gupta, Hazariprasad Dwivedi, Mahadevi Verma, Seth Govinddas, etc., along with literators, made tireless efforts to establish the Hindi as a national language. He also made several trips to South India and celebrated the people.
Significance of Hindi Diwas:
A few years after independence, India's newly elected government was trying to combine the innumerable linguistic, cultural, and religious groups residing in this vast country. Because the country did not have any national language of its own, it was decided by the administration that Hindi could become that language. It proved to be an excellent and straightforward solution at that time.
Celebration of Hindi Diwas:
Many schools, colleges, and offices celebrate this day with great enthusiasm. Many people come forward to talk about the importance of the Hindi language and Indian culture. Schools host Hindi debates, poetry and storytelling competitions, and cultural events on Hindi Diwas.
Unknown facts of Hindi Diwas:
- Every sixth person in the world speaks or understands Hindi. Hindi is one of the few languages in the world in which what is written is also spoken. Hindi is not a national language, but an official language. It is the work of tying the vast area of the country into a formula. Mahatma Gandhi and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose also used to say this.
- The first Hindi language used as poetry was the famous poet Amir Khusrau.
- The main thing is that in English, there are 52 characters in the Hindi comparing 26 letters. It has 45 characters based on pronunciation, with 10 vowels + 35 consonants. 52 characters based on writing, with 13 vowels + 35 consonants + 4 combined consonants.
- Hindi Typewriter also came to the market in the decade of 1930. This has happened because of the growing popularity of Hindi.
- The most spoken language in India is Hindi. About 77 percents of the country's people speak and understand Hindi.
- According to Donica Salazar, the English world editor of the Oxford Dictionary, so far, 900 words of Hindi language have been found in the dictionary.
- The number of words in the dictionary is more than 2.5 lakh Hindi. There are hundreds of words to express one thing, work, emotion, etc.
- The word is not initial from the 'ण.' This word is often used in the middle or end of the letter.
- Talking about power, according to the Power Language Index prepared by the World Economic Forum, the Hindi will be one of the strongest languages in the world by the year 2050.
- The Hindi language is vibrant. Its five sub-languages and at least sixteen bids are prevalent.
- More than 60 crore people use Hindi worldwide. It is one of the most spoken languages in the world.
- Words are written in the same way as they are spoken.
- The word 'Namaste' is the most used word in Hindi. Just as the word hello is used in English.
- The first book was published in the Hindi language in Prem Sagar 1805, written by Lallu Lal.
- Hindi has originated from the Persian word Hind, which means 'land of the Indus River.'
- Bihar was the first state to accept Hindi as an official language in 1881.
- The magazine Hindi 'Bharat Darshan' is the world's first Hindi publication on the Internet. It was published from New Zealand in 1996-97.
- As a mother tongue, Hindi is the mother tongue of 40 percent Indians.
- 93 percent of youngsters watch Hindi videos on YouTube in India.
- Official language status Hindi received after voting in the Constituent Assembly on 14th November. That is why September is celebrated as Hindi Diwas.
- About 176 universities in the world are taught the Hindi language. Not only that, but 45 universities in America are also involved.
- 7 Languages are used to create web addresses, and the Hindi language is one of them.
- The word of Hindi, which was first included in Oxford's dictionary, was Swadeshi.
- The UN General Assembly was first addressed in 1977 by the then Foreign Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in Hindi.
- Coming to the regional level, Hindi is the official language of states like Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand.
- With some changes in Trinidad, Mauritius, Philippines, Nepal, Guyana, Suriname, Tibet, and Pakistan, Hindi is spoken and understood.
- Hindi was also identified as the language of knowledge science. A survey report in 2018 came that Hindi in the internet world has left English behind among Indian consumers.
Image credit: indianexpress